Afghanistan is one of the multi hazard prone countries of South Asia with earthquakes, floods, droughts, landslides, sandstorms and avalanches as the common natural disasters. Heavy rain and snow cause major problems across the region almost every year. Extreme winter conditions and avalanches are also a recurrent feature in the mountainous areas of Afghanistan that make up approximately 63 per cent of the country. Poor housing provides little protection to the households in rural parts of the country. Lack of capacity and resources within government institutions further adds to the vulnerabilities of families affected or displaced by natural disasters.
In 2015, IOM Afghanistan in line with its “Disaster Risk Management and Disaster Risk Reduction Framework 2015-2017” launched a 36 month DRR project with the overall aim of strengthening Government of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan’s (GIRoA’s) Disaster Risk Management capacities at the national, provincial and community levels.
Disaster Risk Management (DRM) components focus on selected disaster-prone communities across ten provinces in the Western, Northern, Northeast, South, Central Highland, Central regions: Herat, Faryab, Balkh, Jawzjan, Sari Pul, Baghlan, Takhar, Bamyan, Helmand and Kabul.
The project comprises of three major components set forward to achieve the objectives of strengthening preparedness and resilience at national, provincial and community level
1. National Disaster Management Information System (NDMIS)
2. Community-Based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM)
3. Disaster Risk Management Infrastructure (retaining/protection walls)
Under the overall supervision of the Programme Manager and DRR National Officer and the direct supervision of the Senior Engineer and the Head of Sub-Office (HSO), the DRR Field Engineer will support the daily management and implementation of activities related to DRM Infrastructures in different locations of target provinces.