1. Afghanistan is an agricultural country and most of the population are dependent to agriculture sector as main source of their income. 85% of the population in Afghanistan (25 millions) live in rural areas and, excluded opium, Agriculture contribute to 50% of the GNP. Livestock sector is (i) a widespread agricultural activity in Afghanistan which relies on different species with natural comparative advantages (ii) an important cash income generator for rural families and (iii) a unique high-quality of food provider – dairy and fishery products